Oxfam fixes the road after the flood, and Save the Children fixes the school.
The school couldn’t have been fixed without the road.
Both of the charities report to the UN’s standardised reporting format, and both record their contribution as “one school fixed”. Both argue: if our organisation hadn’t stepped in, the school wouldn’t have been built (counterfactual) but we did step in, and it was. Ergo, our organisation caused the fixing of the school.
So when the UN aggregates the reports, will it find that a total of two schools were repaired?
You are asked to comment on the reports.